Commandery of Banat 


The Banat is a geographical and historical region in Central Europe currently divided between three countries: the eastern part lies in Romania (the counties of Timis, Caras-Severin, Arad south of the Mures/Maros river, and Mehedenti), the western part in Serbia (the Serbian Banat, mostly included in the Vojvodina region, except for a small part included in Central Serbia), and a small northern part in Hungary (Csongrad county). It's populated 

by Romanians, Serbs, Hungarians, Roma, Germans, Krashovans, Slovaks, Bulgarians, Czachs, and by many other in smaller number. People who live in Banat are called Banatians. 

The Banat is a part of the Pannonian plains bordered by the River Danube to the south, the River Tisza (Theiss, Tissa, Tisa) to the west, the River Mures to the north, and the Southern Carpathian Mountains to the east. Its historical capital was Timisoara,  now in Timis county in Romania. 

Early history
The first known inhabitants of present day Banat were the Sarmatian lazyges.  The mountainous borderlands of the region was the part of the country of Dacia. The balance of power in the area changed during the campaign of Emperor Traianus (Trajan) against the Dacians: the territory of Banat fell under Roman rule, since it became an important link between Dacia province and the other parts of the empire. The Roman rule did not result in significant colonization by Romans in this region; they established a few guard stations, but didn't settle in the region. This resulted in the Darmatian control over Banat remaining solid, as they were recognized as Roman allies. After 150 years of Roman rule, Emperor Aurelianus (Aurelian) withdrew from Dacia. The area fell into the hands of the Sarmatians, and later the Goths, who also took control of Dacia (present day Transylvania). The Goths were forced out by the Huns, who organized their ruling center in the Carpathian basin in the northwestern part of today's Banat. After the death of Attila, the Hunnic empire disintegrated, and the previously subjected Gepids formed a new kingdom in the Carpathian basin, only to be defeated 100 years later by the Avars. One governing center of the Avars was formed in the region, which played an important role in the Avar-Byzantine wars. The Avar rule over the area lasted until the 9th century, until Charlamagne's campaigns. The eastern part of the Carpathian basin became part of the First Bulgarian Empire a few decades later. Still, the archaeological trace of the Avars and Gepids living here, can be tracked until the middle of the century, moreover it is likely that the Gepid survivors lasted here for the longest length of time. The Avar rule also meant considerable Slavic migration to the Carpathian basin. In 895, the Magyars living in Etelkoz  entered the Byzantine-Bulgarian war as allies of Byzantium, and defeated the Bulgars. Because of this, the Bulgarians allied with the Pechenegs, who attacked the Magyar settlements. This led to the process of what we know as the Magyar conquest of the Carpathian basin called hometaking in Hungarian. Bulgarian Empire. This also resulted in the loss of the territories north of the Danube for the Bulgarian Empire. Banat was under Magyar rule from this time, up until 1552, when the regional center of Temesvar was taken by the Ottoman Empire. 
Banat today 

City of Timisoara, Temesvar, Timis
Administration of the Commandery of Banat 
   Under the supervision of the Grand Council 
  of the Grand Priory of Carpathia 
Home | Commandery of Slovakia | Preceptory of  Klemberg | IGCO International | IGCO Slovakia | Poland
IGCO Abaujvar | IGCO Transylvania | IGCO Galicia | Bavarian Delegation | History of the Order | Contact