Priory of Transylvania 
  
        Since 9th. century until 1921Transylvania had been the integral part of the Kingdom of Hungary, and is the citadel of the Hungarian culture in the Carpathian Basin.  At the end of World War I, as part of the Treaty of Trianon, 1920,  the Allies annexed Transylvania from Hungary to Rumania, however, the region remains a treasury of the one-thousand-year old Hungarian culture in the Carpathian Basin. 
    
A Transylvanian state, separate from the Hungarian Kingdom, was created not in response to an inner, organic necessity but to satisfy outside, alien interests. The Ottoman conquest of central Hungary physically separated eastern Hungary --- that is, Transylvania --- from the western, Habsburg-ruled part of the kingdom. This physical reality was compounded by the Ottomans' policy of barring control of eastern Hungary to their mortal enemies, the Habsburgs. It was thus the Sublime Porte that promoted the creation of the principality of Transylvania and secured its autonomous existence. Statesmen of both royal Hungary and Transylvania considered the division of the kingdom and the principality to be only a temporary phenomenon. The intention remained through the centuries to reunite Transylvania with the rest of Hungary. Whatever the status of Transylvania, it continued to be regarded in principle as a part of the lands of Saint Stephen's Crown.
   
    
The People
  
Apart from Hungarian, German and Rumanian population there is also  another ethnic group living within the territory of Transylvania proper. These are the SZÉKELYs.  The Székely people live in the region known as the Székely-land (Hung. Székelyföld) for more than a thousand years. 
     
Ethnographically and culturally, the Székelys belong to the Hungarian group, speaking Hungarian language, having the same culture, and they are regarded as the oldest core of Hungarians in Transylvania.  The Székelys people believed to be the descendants of Attila the Hun.  
   
The Saxon villages of Transylvania appeared in the thirteenth century when the Kings of Hungary settled German colonists in the area. They had a special status among nations in the province and their civilization managed to survive and thrive, forming a very strong community of farmers, artisans and merchants. Being situated in a region constantly under the threat of the Ottoman and Tatar invasions, they built fortifications of different sizes. The most important towns were fully fortified, and the smaller communities created fortifications centered around the church, where they added defensive towers and storehouses to keep their most valuable goods and to help them withstand long sieges.
   
Commanderies 
    
Commandery of Sepsiszentgyorgy 

Commandery of Koloszvar 

Commandery of Hermannstad - Siebenburgen
Commandery of Banat - Siebenburgen
    Preceptory of Cistercian Abbey of St. Severin - Bavaria
Preceptories in Burkina Faso, Cameroon and Niger
     
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