Preceptory of Munich

            History of the Order of Saint Lazarus in Munich / Bavaria / Germany... 



History of the Order of Saint Lazarus in Bavaria ... 

Dr. the Chev. Christian P. Kliver, KLJ 



Administration of the Preceptory
History of Munich  

Munich c. 1650

Munich was founded (1158) by Henry the Lion, duke of Saxony and of Bavaria near a settlement (Munichen) that was established in Carolingian times. In 1255 it was chosen as the residence of the Wittelsbach family, the dukes of Bavaria and later became (1506) the capital of the dukedom.

During the Thirty Years War, Munich was occupied (1632) by Gustavus II of Sweden. In 1806 the city was made capital of the kingdom of Bavaria. 

Under the kings Louis I (182548), Maximilian II (184864), and Louis II (186486), Munich became a cultural and artistic center, and it played a leading role in the development of 19th- and 20th-century German painting.

World War I to World War II

Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, life in Munich became very difficult, as the Allied blockade of Germany led to food and fuel shortages. During French air raids in 1916, three bombs fell on Munich. After World War I, the city was at the centre of much political unrest. In November 1918 on the eve of revolution, Ludwig III and his family fled the city. After the murder of the first republican premier of Bvaria Kurt Eisner in February 1919 by Anton Graf von Arco auf Valley, the Bavarian Soviet Republic was proclaimed. When Communists had taken power, Lenin, who had lived in Munich some years before, sent a congratulatory telegram, but the Soviet Republic was put down on 3 May 1919 by the Freikorps. While the republican government had been restored, Munich subsequently became a hotbed of right-wing politics, among which Adolf Hitler and the National Socialism rose to prominence.

Today, most Munich residents enjoy a high quality of life and in 2007 the city rated among the top 10 cities with the highest quality of life worldwide. Munich enjoys a thriving economy, driven by the information technology, biotechnology, and publishing sectors.

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